AIML <topic>标签

广告位

<topic>标签在AIML中用于存储上下文,以便以后的对话可以基于该上下文完成。 通常,<…

<topic>标签在AIML中用于存储上下文,以便以后的对话可以基于该上下文完成。 通常,<topic>标签用于是/否类型对话。 它有助于AIML搜索在主题上下文中编写的类别。

语法

使用<set>标记定义主题 –

<template>     <set name = "topic"> topic-name </set> </template> 

使用<topic>标记定义类别 –

<topic name = "topic-name">    <category>       ...    </category>      </topic> 

例如,请考虑以下对话。

Human: let discuss movies Robot: Yes movies Human: Comedy movies are nice to watch Robot: Watching good movie refreshes our minds. Human: I like watching comedy Robot: I too like watching comedy. 

这里的机器人以“movies”为主题。

示例

D:/software/ab/bots/test/aiml目录中创建一个文件:topic.aiml,并在D:/software/ab/bots/test/aimlif目录中创建一个文件:topic.aiml.csv

文件:topic.aiml

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?> <aiml version = "1.0.1" encoding = "UTF-8"?>    <category>       <pattern>LET DISCUSS MOVIES</pattern>       <template>Yes <set name = "topic">movies</set></template>      </category>     <topic name = "movies">       <category>          <pattern> * </pattern>          <template>Watching good movie refreshes our minds.</template>       </category>        <category>          <pattern> I LIKE WATCHING COMEDY! </pattern>          <template>I like comedy movies too.</template>       </category>     </topic> </aiml> 

文件:topic.aiml.csv

0,LET DISCUSS MOVIES,*,*,Yes <set name = "topic">movies</set>,topic.aiml 0,*,*,movies,Watching good movie refreshes our minds.,topic.aiml 0,I LIKE WATCHING COMEDY!,*,movies,I like comedy movies too.,topic.aiml 

执行程序

打开命令提示符。 进入目录:D:/software/ab 并键入以下命令 –

java -cp lib/Ab.jar Main bot = test action = chat trace = false 

执行上面示例代码,得到以下结果 –

Human: let discuss movies Robot: Yes movies Human: Comedy movies are nice to watch Robot: Watching good movie refreshes our minds. Human: I like watching comedy Robot: I too like watching comedy. 

  

拾荒的老头

关于作者: 拾荒的老头

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